- Preliminary estimation of reduction factors in mechanical properties of steel reinforcement due to pitting simulated corrosion
- K. Andisheh ; A. Scott ; A Palermo
- Book Title / Journal: New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering (NZSEE) Annual Technical Conference
- Year: 2014 , Volume: , Series:
- Structure types ; Concrete structures
- Keywords: Corrosion ; steel structures
- In recent years, growing attention has been given to the effects of corrosion on reinforced concrete structures. Marine environment and de-icing salt are two causes chloride-induced corrosion. Basically, there are two types of steel reinforcement
corrosion called general and pitting corrosion. In real corroded reinforced concrete (RC) structures, a mix of the general and pitting corrosion usually takes place. Corrosion decreases the mechanical characteristics of steel reinforcing.
In this study, reduction factors of mechanical properties of steel reinforcement have been estimated through experimental monotonic tensile tests to take into consideration of eccentricity caused by pitting corrosion. Reduction factors have been defined to estimate the effect of corrosion on the reduction in mechanical properties of corroded steel bars. The reduction factors indicate the percentage reduction in the mechanical properties for 1% loss of cross-section area of steel reinforcement.
To meet this aim, pitting corrosion has been simulated by mechanically removing a portion of the cross section form 10mm, steel reinforcement. The reduction factors in terms of yield stress, ultimate stress, module of elasticity and elongation have been estimated from monotonic tensile tests. The relevant deterioration models have been
developed based on the experimental results, and have been used for section-level
analysis of a reinforced concrete bridge pier. The results of section-level analysis show degradation in moment-curvature and force-displacement of the corroded RC bridge pier due to pitting corrosion.
- Steel Bridge Design Handbook: Corrosion Protection of Steel Bridges
- R. Kogler
- Book Title / Journal: FHWA-IF-12-052
- Year: 2012 , Volume: 19 , Series:
- Bridge management ; Bridges
- Keywords: Steel Bridge ; Corrosion ; Steel Coatings
- Corrosion is a serious threat to the long-term function and integrity of a steel bridge. Structural steel will corrode if left unprotected or inadequately protected from the natural environment. This corrosion can take the form of general uniform thickness loss or concentrated pitting depending on exposure to the environment and the steel design detail in question. Bridge designers should view corrosion as a long term threat to the integrity of the bridge structure, and is a critical consideration that must be addressed in a rational manner during the design process.
While there are several proven strategies for corrosion protection of steel bridges, there is no universal solution. The proper
system must be chosen to accommodate cost, fabrication and productivity, and long term performance and maintenance. Additionally, each corrosion protection system must be selected based on the anticipated exposure of the structure to corrosive elements over its lifetime. This module highlights the most common issues confronting bridge designers regarding corrosion protection and provides guidance in this area.